God Almighty had appointed rites of sacrifice for every nation
“And to every people We appointed rites of sacrifice, that they might mention the name of Allah over the quadrupeds of the class of cattle that He has provided for them. So your God is One God; therefore submit ye all to Him. And give thou glad tidings to the humble, (Surah-Al-Hajj Ch. 22:34/35)
Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) was also commanded by Allah in following words:
“So pray to thy Lord, and offer sacrifice”. (Surah-Al-Kausar Ch. 108:2/3)
How must the meat of
sacrificial animals be consumed?
“And among the sacred Signs of Allah We have appointed for you the sacrificial camels. In them there is much good for you. So mention the name of Allah over them as they stand tied up in lines. And when they fall down dead on their sides, eat thereof and feed him who is needy but contented and him who supplicates. Thus have we subjected them to you, that you may be thankful. (Surah-Al-Hajj Ch. 22:36/37)
The Holy Quran briefly describes the significance of animal sacrifice:
Their flesh reaches not Allah, nor does their blood, but it is your righteousness that reaches Him. (22:38)
Allah accepted the devotion and obedience of Ibrahim and Ishmael and directed that a lamb be sacrificed instead.
The act of sacrifice is symbolic reminding the person who offers it that as the animal is inferior to him so he, also, is inferior to God and should, therefore, be ready to sacrifice himself and all his interests and inclinations for the sake of God. The attainment of righteousness should be the goal of every Muslim. The Holy Quran states:
Verily the most honourable among you in the sight of Allah is the one who is most righteous among you. (49:40)
Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated on the 10th of the month of Zul-Haj.
All Muslims – men, women, and children – join in the congregational two Raka’at Prayer held in the open outside a village or town, if possible. Early in the morning, after taking a bath, Muslims put on their best clothes. Children especially wear new garments. Perfume is worn by men and women alike. Special dishes are prepared on Eid days in Muslim homes.
As was the practice of the Holy Prophet ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) Muslims generally go to the Eid-gah by one route and return by another route.
The time for Eid Prayer is before noon. Like Friday Prayer, Eid Prayer is always offered in congregation. No Athan or Iqama is called for Eid Prayers.
After the Eid Prayer, the Imam delivers a two-part sermon. After the two Rak’at Eid-ul-Adha Prayer, the Imam and the congregation recite the following words of glorification of God in an audible voice:
Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, la ilahaillallahuwallhuakbarAllahu Akbar, walillahilhamd.
Allah is the Greatest; Allah is the Greatest. There is none worthy of worship except Allah; Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest and all Praise belongs to Him.
Similarly, from the time of Fajr Prayer on the 9th Dhul Haj till the ‘Asr time of the 13th of DhulHaj, loud recitations of the above verses are made after each congregational Fardh Prayer service.
Eid-ul-Adha also marks the completion of the pilgrimage to Mecca by Muslims. It is an occasion on which Muslims everywhere are encouraged to make every kind of sacrifice for the spiritual, moral, social, and economic uplift of mankind and especially their own. If they make it a common cause and strive to manifest in themselves the attributes of God in accordance with the teachings and guidance of the Holy Quran and teachings of the Holy Prophet then, indeed, the message of Eid-ul-Adha would have borne fruit.